Broken wrist : Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment


 What Is Broken wrist?

If you've broken a bone, the chances are one in ten that it's in your carpus. However, the actual fact that a broken carpus could be a common injury does not imply it's one that is simply diagnosed or treated.

"There are many sorts of carpus fractures, and they’re positively not all treated by similar means,” says Carrie Swigart, MD, a hand doc and chief of Yale medication Hand and higher Extremity Surgery. Dr. Swigart conducts analysis centered on developing innovative new approaches, together with implants, to boost treatment of carpus fractures worldwide.

What Is Broken wrist?
Broken wrist

The carpus connects the hand to the forearm. A carpus fracture will mean that an individual has broken one among the little (carpal) bones during this joint or, additionally normally, the distal radius, that is, the larger of the 2 bones that compose the forearm. This bone most frequently breaks at the lower finish, close to wherever it connects to the bones of the hand and thumb.

Virtually anyone will take a tumble and find yourself with a broken carpus, says Dr. Swigart, however the bulk of the individuals she sees with the matter fall under one among 2 classes.

The first cluster is older men and girls United Nations agency area units susceptible to carpal fracture due to low bone density. As a result of their bones, the area unit is fragile, “It doesn’t take an abundance of a fall to interrupt the carpus,” Dr. Swigart says.

Patients within the second cluster, she says, tend to be younger and additionally active, with broken wrists ensuing from what Dr. Swigart calls “higher energy mechanisms,” like an athletics mishap or obtaining a hit , whereas taking part in contact sports. The breaks those patients sustain tend to involve the carpus and area unit typically additional severe, Dr. Swigart says.

  1. Musculoskeletal system

Medical terms

  • A broken wrist is a fracture of one or more of the bones in the wrist, usually the radius and/or ulna. It is a very common injury and can happen when you fall on your outstretched arm, or when you hit your wrist against a hard surface. It is also possible to break your wrist if you twist it forcefully or put pressure on it for an extended period of time. Treatment for a broken wrist depends on the type and severity of the fracture and can include immobilization with a cast or a splint and sometimes surgery.

  • A broken wrist joint may be a break or crack in one or additional of the bones of your wrist joint. The foremost common of those injuries happens within the wrist joint once individuals ANd} catch themselves throughout a fall and land arduous on an extended hand.

  • You may be at higher risk of a broken wrist joint if you participate in sports like in-line sport or snowboarding, or if you've got a condition within which bones become diluent and additionally fragile (osteoporosis).

It's important to treat a broken wrist joint as presently as attainable. Otherwise, the bones may not heal in correct alignment, which could have an effect on your ability to try to do everyday activities, like writing or buttoning a shirt. Early treatment will minimize pain and stiffness.

Symptoms Broken wrist

A broken wrist might cause these signs and symptoms:

  • Severe pain that might worsen when gripping or squeezing or moving your hand or wrist

  • Swelling

  • Tenderness

  • Bruising

  • Obvious deformity, such as a bent wrist

When to call a doctor

If you're thinking that you may have a broken articulatio plana, see a doctor right away, particularly if you've got symptoms, swelling or bother moving your fingers. A delay in identification and treatment will cause poor healing, diminished vary of motion and diminished grip strength.

Causes Broken wrist

A broken wrist can be caused by:

  • Falls. Falling onto an outstretched hand is one of the most common causes of a broken wrist.

  • Sports injuries. Many radiocarpal joint fractures occur throughout contact sports or sports during which you would possibly fall onto an associated extended hand — like in-line sport or snowboarding. 

  • Motor vehicle crashes. Motor vehicle crashes will cause gliding joint bones to interrupt, typically into several items, and infrequently need surgical repair. 

Risk factors Broken wrist

Participating in bound sports activities and having the bone-thinning sickness pathology will increase your possibilities of breaking a articulatio radiocarpea.

Sports activities

Contact sports and activities that increase your risk of falling can increase your risk of breaking bones in your wrist. Examples include:

  • Football or soccer, especially on artificial turf

  • Rugby

  • Horseback riding

  • Hockey

  • Skiing

  • Snowboarding

  • In-line skating

  • Jumping on a trampoline

Complications Broken wrist

Complications of a broken wrist are rare, but they might include:

  • Ongoing stiffness, aching or disability. Stiffness, pain or aching within the affected space usually goes away eventually when your forge is removed or when surgery. However, some individuals have permanent stiffness or pain. twiddling my thumbs together with your recovery, and ask your doctor regarding exercises that may facilitate or for a referral to physical or physiotherapy. 

  • Osteoarthritis. Fractures that extend into a joint can cause arthritis years later. If your wrist starts to hurt or swell long after a break, see your doctor for an evaluation.

  • Nerve or blood vessel damage. Trauma to the wrist can injure adjacent nerves and blood vessels. Seek immediate attention if you have numbness or circulation problems.

Prevention Broken wrist

It's impossible to prevent the unforeseen events that often cause a broken wrist. But these tips might offer some protection.

Build bone strength

To build strong bones:

  • Eat a nutritious diet with adequate calcium and vitamin D

  • Get plenty of weight-bearing exercise, such as brisk walking

  • Quit smoking if you're a smoker

Prevent falls

Most broken wrists occur when people fall forward onto an outstretched hand. To prevent this common injury:

  • Wear sensible shoes

  • Remove things you can trip over in your home, such as throw rugs

  • Light up your living space

  • Have your vision checked and, if needed, corrected

  • Install grab bars in your bathroom

  • Install handrails on your stairways

  • Avoid slippery surfaces, if possible, such as snow- or ice-covered walkways

Use protective gear for athletic activities

Wear wrist guards for high-risk activities, such as:

  • In-line skating

  • Snowboarding

  • Rugby

  • Football

Can a broken wrist heal on its own?

A broken wrist is one of the most common fractures and it involves a break in either the radius or ulna bone Depending on the severity your doctor might recommend that you wear a cast In addition to protecting the bone from further damage a cast also helps start the healing process by immobilizing your wrist while allowing some natural movement While recovery can take anywhere from six weeks to three months there are ways you can speed up the process at home.

How long does it take for a broken wrist to fully recover?

The healing process for a broken wrist can take up to three months This is dependent on where the break occurs how severe it is and how old the patient was when the injury occurred During this recovery period you may need to wear a cast or splint on your wrist that keeps it immobile while it heals You will also likely experience pain when you move your arm during this time Your doctor may prescribe some pain medications to help alleviate this discomfort until your wrist fully heals.

What does a broken wrist feel like?

You’re either lucky or unlucky depending on how you look at it A broken wrist is certainly no fun and can be painful But the pain goes away eventually and a cast will protect your surgery site from further damage You might even feel that breaking your wrist was a good thing since you got to spend some time off work and relax at home As for getting old what are you going to do about it? The years will pass regardless of whether you think about them or not.

What happens if a wrist fracture is left untreated?

Acute fractures require medical attention since they can threaten the functioning of the entire hand if not treated quickly Untreated acute wrist fractures result in pain and discomfort as well as abnormal alignment of the bones that make up the wrist Continual injury to an untreated fractured wrist can also lead to chronic pain problems Without treatment serious impairment or loss of function could occur due to scar tissue formation (adhesions) or joint stiffness (contractures).

Can a fracture heal without a cast?

Fractures are injuries in which there is a break in the continuity of the bone Fractures can be classified by the angle at which they occurred how severe they are and where along the bone they were located A fracture that occurs before an area of stress causes it to bend is known as incomplete; one that occurs afterwards is called complete In order for fractured bones to heal naturally without surgical intervention or a cast they must properly set – that is realign themselves with little pain and swelling present This process takes between six to eight weeks so if you experience a fracture but do not experience symptoms like significant pain.

Diagnosis Broken wrist

A articulatio radiocarpea fracture hurts, typically a great deal. Symptoms embody pain, tenderness, swelling and/or bruising. A doctor might diagnose a articulatio radiocarpea fracture supported by info gathered from the patient, a physical communication, and X-rays. High-energy fractures are sometimes evaluated with a X-raying (CT) scan, additionally to X-rays, to determine the pattern of the injury, says Dr. Swigart. resonance imaging (MRI) is sometimes necessary, too.

The diagnosis of a broken wrist generally includes a physical exam of the affected hand and X-rays.

Other imaging tests

Sometimes, other imaging tests can give your doctor more detail. They are:

  • CT scan. CT scans will uncover carpus fractures that X-rays miss. Injuries to soft tissues and blood vessels are seen on CT scans. This technology takes X-rays from a range of angles and combines them to depict cross-sectional slices of your body's internal structures. 

  • MRI. Using radio waves and a powerful magnet to produce detailed images of bone and soft tissues, MRIs are much more sensitive than X-rays and can identify very small fractures and ligament injuries.

Treatment Broken wrist

If the broken ends of the bone are not aligned properly, there are often gaps between the items of bone or fragments may overlap. Your doctor can manipulate the items back to position, a procedure called a discount. reckoning on the quantity of pain and swelling you have got, you would possibly like an area or anesthetic before this procedure.

Whatever your treatment, it is vital to maneuver your fingers frequently whereas the fracture is healing to stay them from stiffening. raise your doctor concerning the most effective ways in which to maneuver them. If you smoke, quit. Smoking will delay or stop bone healing.


Restricting the movement of a broken bone in your articulatio plana is important to correct healing. To do this, you probably would like a splint or a forge. you will be suggested to stay your hand higher than heart level the maximum amount as attainable to scale back swelling and pain.


To reduce pain, your doctor would possibly suggest an associate degree over-the-counter pain reliever. If your pain is severe, you would possibly want associate degree opioid medication, like pain pills.

NSAIDs will facilitate pain however may also hamper bone healing, particularly if used long. raise your doctor if you'll take them for pain relief.

If you've got an associate degree fracture, during which you've got a wound or break within the skin close to the wound web site, you will likely learn associate degree antibiotics to forestall infection that would reach the bone.


After your forged or splint is removed, you will probably like rehabilitation exercises or physiotherapy to scale back stiffness and restore movement in your articulatio plana. Rehabilitation will facilitate, however it will take many months or longer for complete healing.

Surgical and other procedures

You might need surgery to implant pins, plates, rods or screws to hold your bones in place while they heal. A bone graft might be used to help healing. These options might be necessary if you have:

  • An open fracture

  • A fracture in which the bone pieces move before they heal

  • Loose bone fragments that could enter a joint

  • Damage to the surrounding ligaments, nerves or blood vessels

  • Fractures that extend into a joint

Even after reduction and immobilization with a cast or splint, your bones can shift. So your doctor will likely monitor your progress with X-rays. If your bones move, you might then need surgery.

In some cases, the surgeon will immobilize your fracture by using an external fixation device. This consists of a metal frame with two or more pins that go through your skin and into the bone on both sides of the fracture.

  1. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation -(PM & R)

  1. Healthy foods for the musculoskeletal system
  2. Rehabilitation program and health tips for the musculoskeletal system

Preparing for your appointment

You might 1st ask for treatment for a broken articulatio radiocarpea in AN ER or pressing care clinic. If the items of broken bone are not lined up properly to permit healing with immobilization, you would possibly be stated to be a doctor specializing in orthopedic surgery.

What you can do

You may want to write a list that includes:

  • A description of your symptoms and how, where and when the injury occurred

  • Information about your and your family's medical histories

  • All the medications and dietary supplements you take, including doses

  • Questions you want to ask the doctor

For a broken wrist, questions to ask your doctor include:

  • What tests do I need?

  • What's the best course of action?

  • Will I need surgery?

  • Will I need to wear a cast? If so, for how long?

  • Will I need physical therapy when the cast comes off?

  • Are there restrictions that I need to follow?

  • Should I see a specialist?

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor might ask:

  • What is your occupation?

  • Was your wrist bent backward or forward when the impact occurred?

  • Are you right-handed or left-handed?

  • Where does it hurt, and do certain movements make it hurt more or less?

  • Have you had previous wrist injuries or surgery?

General summary

  1. A broken wrist is an injury that occurs when one or more of the bones that make up the wrist joint become fractured. The wrist is made up of eight small bones that are held together with strong ligaments and tendons, allowing for a wide range of motion. Even though the wrist is designed to be somewhat flexible, a fall or hard blow can cause the bones to break. The most common type of broken wrist is a Colles fracture, which occurs when the end of the radius bone in the forearm breaks.

  2. recovery time: how long will it take? The most obvious function of a broken wrist is to help control hand and arm movement When the wrist is fractured or broken this normal function can be compromised and may not ever return to its pre-injury level The location and type of bone fracture within the wrist determine how much damage occurs to this vital area During recovery from a broken or fractured wrist caring for the injured body part becomes a top priority.

  3. at the movies – what happened? When I was in high school I went to a movie with some friends. Out of nowhere our friend who was sitting behind me busted his foot on the seat in front of him and landed face down on my ankles. His head hit my ankles and broke one of them! We laughed about it afterwards but it turned out to be quite painful for both of us—and embarrassing!!!.

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