Prostatitis : Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment


 What is Prostatitis?

Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland. This walnut-sized gland is located directly below the bladder in men. The prostate gland produces fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.

Prostatitis can often cause pain or difficulty when urinating. Some other symptoms include pain in the groin area or genitals, and sometimes flu-like symptoms.

Prostatitis affects men of all ages, but often occurs in younger men. The cause is often not identified, but can usually be treated with antibiotics if it is caused by a bacterial infection.

What is Prostatitis?

Prostatitis can come about for a number of reasons, and it can improve either gradually or suddenly. Sometimes it is self-limited, and sometimes it requires medical treatment. Some types of prostatitis last for a short period of time, while others recur frequently (chronic prostatitis).

  1. Male reproductive system

  • Internal reproductive organs

  1. Testes

  2. Epididymis

  3. Vas deferens

  4. Seminal vesicles

  5. Prostate

  6. Bulbourethral glands

  • External reproductive organs

  1. Penis

  2. Scrotum

Medical terms

  • Prostatitis is a condition that affects the prostate gland, a walnut-sized organ found in men that produces fluids which nourish and protect sperm. Its symptoms can range from mild to severe and can include burning or painful urination, pain in the groin area, pelvic area, or lower back, and pain during ejaculation. In some cases, prostatitis can cause infertility. If left untreated, it can lead to more serious health issues such as bladder or kidney infections.

  • Prostatitis is a term used to describe the infection and inflammation of the prostate gland. This condition can be caused by bacterial infection, but is more commonly attributed to other causes such as viral, fungal, or autoimmune causes. Symptoms vary from person to person, but may include frequent urination, pain in the lower abdomen, and pain during ejaculation. Treatment options depend on the underlying cause, but may include antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medications, or lifestyle modifications.

Symptoms Prostatitis

Prostatitis signs and symptoms depend on the cause. Some possible signs and symptoms may include:

  • People sometimes feel pain or a burning sensation when they urinate (have a bowel movement).

  • Having trouble urinating, such as dribbling or hesitant urination.

  • Sometimes people have to pee a lot at night (nocturia).

  • Urgent need to urinate

  • Cloudy urine

  • Blood in the urine

  • Pain in the abdomen, groin or lower back

  • If he experiences pain in this area, there may be a problem. Go to the doctor to find out what the problem may be.

  • Penis or testicles pain

  • Painful ejaculation

  • If you experience flu-like symptoms and signs with bacterial prostatitis, it means you have the disease.

When to see a doctor

If you have any of the following problems, see your doctor: pelvic pain, difficult or painful urination, or painful ejaculation.Untreated prostatitis can cause infection or other health problems.

Causes Prostatitis

Acute bacterial prostatitis is often caused by common types of bacteria. The infection can start when bacteria from urine seep into your prostate. Antibiotics are used to treat the infection, but if it doesn't work the bacteria might come back or be difficult to treat (chronic bacterial prostatitis). Prostatitis is an infection of the prostate.

Damage to the nerve that runs through the lower urinary tract might be a cause of prostatitis not caused by a bacterial infection. In many cases, the cause of prostatitis is not identified.

Causes range depending on the sort of prostatitis.


  • Acute bacterial prostatitis is normally resulting from common lines of micro organisms. The contamination may additionally have developed from different components of the urinary or reproductive structures.

  • Chronic bacterial prostatitis normally has the same purpose as acute bacterial infection. It may arise while treatment for an acute infection isn't always long enough or fails to kill all the bacteria.

  • Chronic prostatitis/continual pelvic ache syndrome isn't well understood. Research indicates that more than one factor may collectively play a position. These include previous infection, nervous device dysfunction, immune machine dysfunction, psychological pressure or irregular hormone interest.

  • Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis, which has no acknowledged reason, is typically determined best throughout an examination for different scientific conditions and is not handled.

Risk factors Prostatitis

Risk factors for prostatitis include:

  • Being young or middle-aged

  • Having had prostatitis previously

  • If you have an infection in your bladder or in the tube that transports semen and urine to your penis (urethra), this can cause problems.

  • Pelvic trauma can occur from activities such as bicycling or horseback riding.

  • A urinary catheter is a tube that is inserted into the urethra to drain the bladder.

  • Having HIV/AIDS

  • Having had a prostate biopsy

Complications Prostatitis

Prostatitis can cause complications, including:

  • Bacterial infection of the blood can occur.

  • Epididymitis is an inflammation of the tube that connects the back of the testicle to the bladder (epididymis).

  • There is a pus-filled cavity in the prostate (prostatic abscess).

  • Chronic prostatitis can lead to problems with semen production. This can include abnormalities and infertility.

There is no direct evidence that prostatitis can cause prostate cancer.

Diagnosis Prostatitis

To diagnose prostatitis, your doctor will try to rule out other conditions as the cause of your symptoms and determine what type of prostatitis you have. He or she will ask about your medical history and your symptoms, and may also do a physical exam. Examining.

Initial diagnostic tests might include:

  • Urine tests.Your doctor might have a sample of your urine analyzed to see if you have an infection (urinalysis). Your doctor might also send a sample of your urine to a lab to determine if you are infected.

  • Blood tests.Your doctor might take samples of your blood to look for signs of infection or other prostate problems.

  • Post-prostatic massage.Sometimes your doctor might massage your prostate and test the fluid that comes out. This is done in rare cases.

  • Imaging tests.Your doctor might order a CT scan of your urinary tract or prostate to get more detailed information than plain X-rays do. A sonogram is the image produced by using ultrasound.

Based on your symptoms and test results, your doctor might believe that you have one of the following types of prostatitis:

  • Acute bacterial prostatitis.Prostatitis is a condition that is often caused by certain strains of bacteria. It generally starts suddenly and causes flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills, nausea, and vomiting.

  • Chronic bacterial prostatitis.If antibiotics don't cure the bacteria that is causing prostatitis, you can develop recurring or difficult-to-treat infections. Between bouts of chronic bacterial prostatitis, you might have no symptoms or only minor ones.

  • Chronic prostatitis and chronic pelvic pain syndrome are conditions that affect the prostate.This type of prostate infection is not caused by bacteria. Often, an exact cause cannot be identified. For some men, symptoms stay about the same over time. For others, symptoms go through cycles of being more and less severe.

  • Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis.This type of prostatitis does not typically cause any symptoms and is only found incidentally during other tests. It does not require treatment.

Treatment Prostatitis

There are many different treatments for prostatitis, depending on the underlying cause.Some possible treatments include:

  • Antibiotics.Taking antibiotics is the most common treatment for prostatitis. Your doctor will prescribe a medication based on the type of bacteria that is causing your infection.
    If you have severe symptoms, you might need intravenous antibiotics. You might need to take oral antibiotics for four to six weeks, but you might need longer treatment if you have chronic or recurring prostatitis.

  • Alpha blockers.These medications help loosen the neck of your bladder and the muscles that connect your prostate to your bladder. This might help relieve symptoms such as painful urination.

  • Anti-inflammatory agents.Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) might make you feel better.

Lifestyle and home remedies

Some people with prostatitis might find relief from the following:

  • Soak in a warm bath or use a heating pad to help relieve pain.

  • Avoid foods that may irritate your bladder, such as alcohol, caffeine, and spicy or acidic foods.

  • Avoid activities that can irritate your prostate, such as sitting or bicycling for a long time.

  • Drink plenty of water and non-caffeine beverages to help prevent bladder infections.

Alternative medicine

Some alternative therapies show promise for reducing symptoms of prostatitis. These include:

  • Biofeedback.A biofeedback specialist uses equipment to monitor your body, and then teaches you how to control certain functions and responses.

  • Acupuncture.In this procedure, thin needles will be inserted through your skin at certain points.

  • Herbal remedies and supplements.There is no scientific evidence that herbs or supplements can improve prostatitis, although many men use them for this purpose. Some herbal treatments for prostatitis include rye grass (a chemical found in green tea onions and other plants), quercetin (a plant extract), and extract of the saw palmetto plant.

Talk to your doctor about any alternative medicine practices or supplements you use.

Preparing for your appointment

You might go to a primary care provider or be referred immediately to a specialist in urinary tract and sexual disorders (urologist).

Here are some things to help you prepare for your appointment.

What you can do

Make a list of:

  • Your symptoms,Please bring any relevant paperwork with you to your appointment, such as medical records or insurance information. Also, please mention any incidents or problems that have occurred recently.

  • Key personal information,There are some factors that can affect how well decoupage works. These might include major stresses or recent illnesses.

  • All medications, vitamins, and supplements you take, including over-the-counter products, must be approved by a doctor. including doses

  • Questions to ask your doctor

Make sure to have someone nearby who can help you remember what you're being taught.

Questions you can ask your doctor about prostatitis include:

  • What is likely causing my symptoms?

  • What other reasons could there be for my pain?

  • What kinds of tests will I need?

  • What treatment do you recommend?

  • Are there other treatment options?

  • Can I have brochures or other printed materials? What websites do you recommend?

If you have any questions, don't hesitate to ask.

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor may ask you questions such as: Do you have any health problems? Do you have any allergies? Do you have a history of cancer?

  • When did you begin having symptoms?

  • How severe are your symptoms?

  • How long have your symptoms been going on? Do they come and go, or are they continuous?

  • Do you have a urinary tract infection?

  • Do you often get urinary tract infections?

  • Has your groin been injured recently?

  • What might help improve your symptoms?

General summary

  1. Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate, a walnut-sized gland located just below a man’s bladder. It is responsible for producing the fluid that nourishes and transports sperm cells. This condition can be divided into four categories: acute bacterial prostatitis, chronic bacterial prostatitis, non-bacterial prostatitis, and asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis. Acute bacterial prostatitis is caused by a bacterial infection and can be very serious if left untreated.
  2. Prostatitis is the inflammation of the prostate, which is a small, walnut-sized gland located between the bladder and penis. This condition can arise from a variety of causes, including infection and inflammation. Symptoms of prostatitis depend on the type, but can range from uncomfortable urination to pain in the perineal area. Treatment for prostatitis can include antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, or lifestyle changes.

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