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Cervicitis : Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment

 

What is Cervicitis?

Cervicitis is an inflammation of the lower end of the uterus, which is known as a cervix. This area opens into the vagina.

Cervicitis can cause bleeding between periods, pain when having intercourse or during a pelvic exam, and abnormal vaginal discharge.


What is Cervicitis?
Cervicitis



However, sometimes people with cervicitis don't experience any signs or symptoms.

Cervicitis can be caused by a sexually transmitted infection, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea. Treatment for cervicitis involves treating the underlying cause of the inflammation.

  1. Female Reproductive System


  • Internal reproductive organs

  1. Ovaries

  2. Fallopian tubes

  3. Uterus

  4. Cervix

  5. Placenta

  • External reproductive organs

  1. Vulva

  2. Clitoris

  3. Vagina

Medical terms

Cervicitis is inflammation of the cervix -- the lower finish of the womb that opens into the canal.

Cervicitis is common. it's going to be caused by a variety of things, together with infections, chemical or physical irritations, and allergies.

Determining the reason behind redness is very important. If AN infection is the downside, it will unfold on the far side of the cervix to the womb and fallopian tubes and into the girdle and cavum and cause serious infection. This could cause issues with fertility --the ability to become pregnant. Or it's going to cause issues along with your unhatched baby if you're already pregnant.

Here's what you wish to understand concerning symptoms, causes, risk factors, tests, diagnosis, and treatment of redness.

Cervicitis is a non-serious infection of the cervix which is characterized by inflammation and swelling or irritation Cervicitis can be caused by many factors including bacterial infections use of condoms or intrauterine devices (IUDs) yeast infections abnormal discharge and sexual intercourse

Symptoms Cervicitis is an inflammation of the cervix and a very common gynecological disease It’s usually caused by an infection but can also be triggered by certain medications In general it comes with vaginal discharge sexual pain and pelvic discomfort If left untreated it may lead to other conditions such as infertility or cervical cancer Women who are trying to get pregnant should try home remedies before going to see a doctor

Symptoms Cervicitis

Cervicitis is often symptomless and you may only learn you have the condition after having a pelvic exam for another reason. If you do have signs or symptoms, they may include:

  • If your daughter is having a lot of unusual vaginal discharge, it may be something to worry about.

  • Frequent, painful urination

  • Pain during sex

  • Bleeding between menstrual periods

  • Vaginal bleeding after sex is not always indicative of a menstrual period.

When to see a doctor

See your doctor if you have:

  • Persistent, unusual vaginal discharge

  • Non Menstrual vaginal bleeding

  • Pain during sex

Causes Cervicitis

Possible causes of cervicitis include:

  • Sexually transmitted infections.Cervicitis is often caused by bacterial and viral infections. These infections can be spread through sexual contact. Cervicitis may result from common sexually transmitted infections, such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis.

  • Allergic reactions.If you have an allergy to contraceptive steroid spermicides or latex in condoms, you may develop cervicitis. An allergic reaction to feminine hygiene products such as douches or deodorants can also cause cervicitis.

  • Bacterial overgrowth.If there is an overgrowth of the bacteria that are normally present in the vagina (bacterial vaginosis), this can lead to cervicitis.

Risk factors Cervicitis

If you have cervicitis, you are at greater risk if you:

  • Be sexually active without using protection, with multiple partners, or with someone who engages in risky behavior.

  • People who have sex at an early age are usually doing it because they are feeling a lot of pressure.

  • If you have a history of sexually transmitted infections, you may not be able to have children.

Complications Cervicitis

Your cervix is a barrier that prevents bacteria and viruses from entering your uterus. When the cervix is infected, this increases the risk that the infection will spread to your uterus.

Cervicitis can be caused by gonorrhea or chlamydia, and if it spreads to the uterine lining or the fallopian tubes, this can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which is an infection of the female reproductive organs that can cause fertility problems if left untreated.

Cervicitis (inflammation of the cervix) can increase the risk of getting HIV from an infected sexual partner.

Prevention Cervicitis

To reduce your risk of getting cervicitis from sexually transmitted infections, use condoms every time you have sex. Condoms are very effective at preventing the spread of STIs such as gonorrhea and chlamydia, which can lead to cervicitis. If you are in a long-term relationship where both partners are using condoms, your chances of avoiding cervicitis are higher. If you and your partner only have sex with each other, it is likely that you will not get an STI.

How can I treat cervicitis at home?

When it comes to cervical cancer screening early is key As the infection can become more serious over time and lead to things like infertility or cancer.

How long does it take for cervicitis to clear up?

Cervicitis is one of the most common types of bacterial vaginosis which occurs when something changes in a woman's vagina and there becomes an overgrowth of "bad" bacteria. It can cause discharge itching and pain around the opening of the cervix or down into the vaginal area.

Which antibiotic is best for cervicitis?

If you have acute cervicitis, doctors recommend taking a combination of antibiotics for 10 days. Take antibiotics as directed by your doctor even if you feel better after a few days. If symptoms worsen or return, call your doctor.

Can cervicitis heal itself?

The cervix is the lower portion of the uterus - it's where a baby can pass through during childbirth Cervicitis is an infection or inflammation of the cervical canal usually caused by bacteria Almost half of all women will experience at least one case of cervicitis during her lifetime Cervicitis typically occurs after sexual intercourse and may cause: * Painful vaginal discharge * A feeling that you have to urinate frequently (even though you don't) * Discomfort or pain in your pelvic region.

What happens if cervicitis is left untreated?

Left untreated cervicitis can cause infertility and other complications Antibiotic treatments are commonly used to treat and prevent the spread of this condition However infections frequently reoccur because cervical infections are easily transmitted through sexual contact Therefore many women with recurrent cervicitis undergo a procedure called cervical conization to remove infected tissue from the area This is typically performed as an outpatient procedure in which the cervix is dilated (loosened) and a cone-shaped piece of tissue is removed using a thin surgical knife or laser The procedure requires general anesthesia so that your body won't react strongly to being cut into while.

Diagnosis Cervicitis

Your doctor will likely perform a physical exam to diagnose cervicitis, which includes:

  1. Gynecological examination

  • A pelvic exam.During this exam, your doctor checks for areas of swelling and tenderness in your pelvic organs. He or she may also use a speculum to view the upper, lower, and side walls of your vagina and the cervix.

  • A specimen collection.Your doctor may take a small cotton swab or brush to remove a sample of cervical and vaginal fluid. The sample is then sent to a lab for testing for infections. Tests may also be performed on your urine sample.

Treatment Cervicitis

If you are allergic to products that contain spermicide or feminine hygiene products, you will not need treatment. If you have cervicitis as a result of an STI, both you and your partner will often require treatment with an antibiotic medication. Doctors prescribe antibiotics for STIs, such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, or bacterial vaginosis.

If you have genital herpes, your doctor may prescribe antiviral medication that will help lessen the amount of time you experience symptoms such as cervicitis. However, there is no cure for herpes. This condition is a chronic one that may be passed to your sexual partner at any time.

Your doctor may recommend repeated testing for cervicitis, which can be caused by gonorrhea or chlamydia.

Wait to have sex until you've completed the treatment your doctor recommends. This will help avoid passing a bacterial infection to your partner.

  1. Healthy sexual relations

Preparing for your appointment

If cervicitis is discovered during a regular pelvic exam, it is not always necessary to treat it. However, if you experience unusual vaginal symptoms that require an appointment with a doctor, you will most likely see a gynecologist or primary care doctor.

Here is some information about your appointment.

What you can do

  • Avoid using tampons.

  • Don't douche.

  • Be sure to know the name of your partner and the dates you had sexual relations. This information is important in order to prevent any possible pregnancy.

  • Tell me all of the medications or supplements that you are taking.

  • Know your allergies.

  • Write down questions you have.

Some basic questions include:

  • How did I get this condition?

  • Do I need to take medicine?

  • What over-the-counter products can I use to treat my condition?

  • Does my partner need to be tested or treated too?

  • What should I do if my symptoms return after treatment? If your symptoms return after your treatment is complete, please speak with your doctor or health care professional. They can help you figure out the best course of action for you.

  • What can I do to prevent another case of cervicitis in the future?

If you have any questions after my appointment, please do not hesitate to ask me.

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor will likely perform a physical exam that may include a pelvic exam and Pap test. They may collect a fluid specimen from your vagina or cervix for testing.

Your doctor may ask you a number of questions about your condition, such as: -What is the nature of your illness? -How has your condition been progressing? -What kind of treatments have you tried?

  • What are the symptoms you're experiencing in your vagina?

  • Is anything making you have pain when you urinate?

  • How long have you had your symptoms?

  • Are you sexually active?

  • Do you or your partner have any sexually transmitted infections?

  • Does sex hurt you in any way?

  • What is the best way to clean yourself?

  • Are you pregnant?

  • Have you tried any over-the-counter remedies to treat your symptoms?

Outlook

Cervicitis is often treatable. Home treatments and bar ways ought to be used aboard, not rather than, medical treatment.

Acute redness caused by infections is best treated medically to avoid complications.

If somebody thinks they'll have redness, they ought to speak to their doctor.

General summary

  1. Cervicitis is the inflammation of the cervix Women who have had a hysterectomy or have never been pregnant do not get cervicitis There are many different causes for this infection Cervical cancer is one cause; HPV (human papillomavirus) is another A cervical biopsy can be done to determine if there is any cervical cancer present in the cervix It may be necessary to treat with radiation or chemotherapy depending on stage and grade of the cancer.

Cervicitis : Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment

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