Dermatographia :Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment


 What is Dermatographia?

Dermatographia, which is now and again referred to as “pores and skin writing,” refers to a situation wherein apparently minor scratches turn into transient however massive reactions.

This circumstance is likewise referred to as dermographism or dermatographic urticaria. Approximately 5 percent of human beings have this condition, and it’s maximum common in older children and more youthful adults.

Scratches can aggravate your skin, however they tend to heal fast. Some scratches are white in opposition to the skin, at the same time as others redden slightly. With dermatographia although, the scratches get worse, causing deep wounds or even allergy-like reactions.

What is Dermatographia?

Dermatographia is most often handled with antihistamines to lessen itchiness and normal pain. There’s no cure for this condition, even though the signs don’t remain lengthy. Rare cases require extra in-depth scientific treatment from a dermatologist.

Dermatographia is a not unusual, benign (now not dangerous) pores and skin situation. It reasons you to broaden raised marks (wheals) or a reaction much like hives while you scratch your pores and skin. Pressure or rubbing (friction) might also cause a response.

Dermatographism, dermatographic urticaria and pores and skin writing are other names for dermatographia.

  1. Integumentary system

  1. Mammary glands

  2. Skin

  3. Subcutaneous tissue

Medical terms

Dermatographia is a circumstance additionally known as skin writing. When people who have dermatographia gently scratch their skin, the scratches redden into a raised wheel just like hives. These marks commonly disappear inside 30 minutes.

  • The motive of dermatographia is unknown, however it can be precipitated in some human beings by way of infections, emotional dissatisfaction or medicines such as penicillin.
  • Most human beings who've dermatographia do not seek remedy. If your signs and symptoms and symptoms are mainly bothersome, your physician may also advocate allergy medicines including cetirizine (Zyrtec) or diphenhydramine (Benadryl).
  • (Skin Writing) Dermatographia also known as skin writing is a rare disorder that causes the affected area of skin to become itchy and raised when lightly scratched by a blunt object like a ball-point pen In some cases even the slightest touch can cause an itchy welt to appear on the skin This condition is not contagious and it’s generally not harmful but it can be annoying Treatment for dermatographia may include self-care methods like avoiding scratchy clothing or taking antihistamines.
  • Dermatographia or "skin writing," is a condition that causes normal skin to become raised and inflamed when it's scratched rubbed or pressed This skin condition can occur on any area of the body Dermatographia is harmless and usually goes away on its own within a few hours However it can be an uncomfortable condition for people who have it and may make them self-conscious about wearing shorts or sleeveless shirts in public In rare cases dermatographia can become severe enough to require medical treatment.

Symptoms Dermatographia

If you've got this condition, you get raised purple welts wherein your pores and skin become scratched or angry. These welts or hives broaden within five to 7 minutes of scratching and usually fade away within 15 minutes to half an hour. In uncommon cases, the signs and symptoms broaden greater slowly and can take hours or days to disappear.

This circumstance is referred to as pores and skin writing because you may make writing or drawings seem to your pores and skin via stroking it with an item, like your fingernail or a closed ball-factor pen. At first, your skin will turn white. Then the redness and swelling will start, taking the form of the strokes you made.

Signs and symptoms of dermatographia may include:

  • Raised red lines

  • Swelling

  • Inflammation

  • Hive-like welts

  • Itching

The signs and signs and symptoms may also occur inside a few minutes of your skin being rubbed or scratched and normally disappear within half-hour. Rarely, dermatographia develops more slowly and lasts several hours to several days.

The condition itself can last for months or years.

When to see a doctor

See your physician if your symptoms and signs and symptoms are especially bothersome.

Causes Dermatographia

The genuine purpose of dermatographia is not clear. It can be resulting from an allergic response, yet no specific allergen has been identified.

Simple matters can trigger signs of dermatographia. For example, rubbing from your clothes or bed sheets may additionally worsen your pores and skin. Sometimes, dermatographia is preceded by means of contamination, emotional upset or medicinal drugs, consisting of penicillin.Healthcare carriers and clinical researchers aren’t sure precisely what causes dermatographia.

Dermatographism causes may include:

  • Allergies.

  • Exercise.

  • Heat.

  • Cold.

  • Certain medications, including penicillin.

  • Stress.

  • Vibrations.

Risk factors Dermatographia

Dermatographia can arise at any age, but it tends to be greater common in teens and teens. If you have got other skin situations, which includes dry skin or dermatitis, you will be extra vulnerable to dermatographia. Any skin circumstance that causes a common urge to scratch may additionally increase your risk.

Prevention Dermatographia

To reduce discomfort and prevent the symptoms of dermatographia, try these tips:

  • Avoid irritating your skin. Refrain from the usage of harsh soaps to your pores and skin. Don't wear apparel made from itchy fabric, inclusive of wool. Hot showers or baths may additionally worsen the signs.

  • Don't scratch your skin. If you have got dermatographia or other skin conditions which can motivate frequent itching, attempt to avoid scratching your pores and skin. Scratching will aggravate the situation.

  • Keep your skin moisturized. Dry skin has a tendency to make skin itchy. Keep your pores and skin moisturized through using lotions and lotions after bathing.

How do you get rid of dermatographia naturally?

Dermatographia also known as skin writing and dermatographic urticaria is a condition in which the skin becomes overly sensitive to pressure The exaggerated reaction can sometimes leave bruises on the skin where the pressure was applied According to Dr Elizabeth Tanzi and her associates at Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis this condition affects approximately 2 percent of Americans and can be treated with various treatment options including antihistamines corticosteroids or phototherapy.

Why do I suddenly have dermatographia?

Dermatographia is the term given to a condition that causes the skin to become red and raised when stroked or scratched It is also known as “skin writing” because it looks like someone has written on your skin with a pen Dermatographia can be caused by stress anxiety exercise spicy food cold medicine and even caffeinated beverages such as coffee To treat dermatographia you must identify what triggers it in your body and then avoid those triggers when possible If you have dermatographia due to stress or anxiety then use deep breathing exercises or meditation to reduce your stress levels before bedtime.

Is dermatographia autoimmune?

Dermatographia is not an autoimmune condition However it does have a number of similar symptoms Many people who have dermatographia also suffer from urticaria or hives Hives are red and sometimes itchy welts that appear on the skin when a person has an allergic reaction to something she has eaten or come in contact with Some people develop hives as a result of an allergic reaction to medications they take.

Is dermatographia a mast cell disorder?

Dermatographia is a condition that causes the skin to become hypersensitive and leaves a rash or welt when stroked It affects millions of people around the world and occurs when mast cells become activated Mast cells are immune system cells that protect the body from pathogens When these cells are activated they release histamine and other chemicals that cause inflammation and allergic reactions.

Diagnosis Dermatographia

Your healthcare issuer can diagnose dermatographia via agitating your pores and skin. They’ll use a tongue depressor to scratch or press on the pores and skin of your arm or again.

  1. Skin test

Dermatographia appears within 5 to seven mins of agitation. The marks seem in the same path and orientation because of the agitation. It may also seem like a person wrote to your skin with a pen.

Your physician can diagnose dermatographia with a simple check. He or she will draw a tongue depressor across the pores and skin of your arm or lower back to look if a pink, swollen line or a welt (wheal) seems within a couple of minutes.

Treatment Dermatographia

Unless dermatographia will become continual, you can no longer necessarily require medical treatment. Chronic means that it's miles ongoing.

Symptoms are generally dealt with with over-the-counter medicinal drugs, though opportunity treatments might also assist. Don’t take any new medicines, herbs, or supplements without asking a physician first.

The Healthline FindCare tool can offer alternatives to your place if you don’t already have a health practitioner.Symptoms of dermatographia normally depart on their personal, and remedy for dermatographia typically isn't important. However, if the condition is intense or bothersome, your medical doctor can also recommend antihistamine medicinal drugs which include diphenhydramine (Benadryl), fexofenadine (Allegra) or cetirizine (Zyrtec).

  1. Skin grafting transplant

Preparing for your appointment

You're probably starting by seeing your number one care physician. However, in some cases while you set up an appointment, you may be referred at once to a physician who focuses on pores and skin conditions (dermatologist) or one that makes a specialty of hypersensitive reactions (allergist).

Here's some records that will help you put together your appointment.

What you can do

At the time you make the appointment, be sure to invite if there's whatever you want to do earlier, consisting of not taking antihistamines for numerous days in advance.

You may also want to:

  • Write down any symptoms you're experiencing, Which include any that can appear unrelated to the reason for that you scheduled the appointment.

  • Write down key personal information, including any major stresses or recent life changes.

  • Make a list of all medications, vitamins or supplements you're taking.

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions, including:

  • When did you begin experiencing symptoms?

  • Were your symptoms preceded by an illness or a new medication?

  • Have your symptoms been continuous or occasional?

  • How severe are your symptoms?

  • Do your symptoms cause you to restrict your activities or interfere with your lifestyle?

  • Do you have allergies? To what?

  • Do you have dry skin or any other skin conditions?

  • Does anything improve your symptoms?

  • Does anything make your symptoms worse?

General summary

  1. Dermatographia also known as skin writing or skin printing is a type of urticaria (hives) that is caused by a scratch to the skin The scratching causes redness and swelling of the area where the scratch was made This condition is chronic in nature and can be confusing to those with dermatographia as they will often scratch an area before they develop any hives on the site It is thought that scratching may release histamines from the trapped blood vessels under the surface of the skin causing swelling and hives to appear.

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