Vaginal Agenesis : Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment

What is Vaginal Agenesis?

Vaginal agenesis may be a rare non inheritable congenital anomaly which will occur in females. Patients with channel agenesis are born while not a vagina, or with a really short vaginal canal. Several patients who are born with this condition additionally suffer from different sex organ defects adore an absent or little uterus.

What is Vaginal Agenesis?
Vaginal Agenesis

In addition some patients also suffer from excretory organ abnormalities. Most cases of vaginal agenesis stay overlooked till puberty, once the condition prevents catamenia from beginning.Vaginal agenesis is a rare congenital condition that impacts the event of a baby’s fruitful system. As a result, a female offspring is also born while not bound to fruitful organs or a vagina. whereas this condition is also diagnosed once your kid is born, typically this condition isn’t recognized till puberty. whereas young ladies with this condition will still undergo puberty, they'll not have an amount and also the majority won't be able to get pregnant. AN OBGYN may be the primary person to diagnose this condition and that they will become a valuable part of you or your daughter’s treatment plan.

  1. Female Reproductive System

  • Internal reproductive organs

  1. Ovaries

  2. Fallopian tubes

  3. Uterus

  4. Cervix

  5. Placenta

  • External reproductive organs

  1. Vulva

  2. Clitoris

  3. Vagina

Medical terms

  • Vaginal agenesis (a-JEN-uh-sis) is a rare disorder during which the canal doesn't develop, and also the female internal reproductive organ (uterus) may solely develop part or not at all. This condition is a gift before birth and will even be related to excretory organ or skeletal problems.
  • The condition could be also referred to as mullerian agenesis, mullerian dysplasia or Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome.
  • Canal agenesis is usually known at time of life once a feminine doesn't begin menstruating. Use of a vaginal dilator, a vasiform device which will stretch the vagina when used over a amount of time, is often in making a vagina. In some cases, surgery is also needed. Treatment makes it attainable to possess canal intercourse.
  • Vaginal agenesis or Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome is a congenital disorder that results in the absence of the vagina This rare condition occurs in 1 out of every 4,500 to 5,000 births The cause of vaginal agenesis is unknown but there does seem to be a genetic component since it usually appears within families.

– Symptoms Causes & Treatments Vaginal agenesis is a condition in which the vagina either does not develop or is underdeveloped The disorder can be present at birth (congenital) or occur later in life Although vaginal agenesis does not affect sexual functions such as desire arousal and orgasm other disorders may present with similar symptoms In most cases of vaginal agenesis there are no underlying medical problems and the person will have normal reproductive organs However people with this disorder may have partial development of the vagina that can result in a shorter than normal distance between the cervix (opening to uterus) and urethra (urinary tract.

Is vaginal agenesis treatable?

Vaginal agenesis also known as Mayer Rokitansky Kuster Hauser syndrome (MRKH) is a condition that affects about 1 in 4,500 newborn females It occurs when the uterus does not develop and vagina is underdeveloped or absent during fetal development MRKH occurs when a person has cells that are unable to form proper uterine tissue It is typically diagnosed during adolescence as many young women do not have any symptoms but fail to menstruate by age 16 or have no symptoms at all In rare cases the condition can be diagnosed before puberty if an ultrasound scan identifies an absent uterus and/or an underdeveloped vaginal canal and the.

Symptoms Vaginal agenesis

Vaginal agenesis typically goes disregarded till feminines reach their teens, however don't bleed (amenorrhea). different signs of pubescence sometimes follow typical female development.

Vaginal agenesis may have these features:

  • The genitals look like a typical female.

  • The channel could also be shortened while not a cervix at the end, or absent and marked solely by a small indentation wherever an epithelial duct gap would usually be located.

  • There may be no uterus or one that's only partially developed. If there's tissue lining the uterus (endometrium), monthly cramping or chronic abdominal pain may occur.

  • The ovaries generally are totally developed Associate in Nursing functional, however they will be in an uncommon location within the abdomen. Typically the combination of tubes that eggs travel through to urge from the ovaries to the female internal reproductive organ (fallopian tubes) are absent or don't develop typically.

Vaginal agenesis may also be associated with other issues, such as:

  • Problems with development of the kidneys and urinary tract

  • Developmental changes in the bones of the spine, ribs and wrists

  • Hearing problems

  • Other congenital conditions that also involve the heart, gastrointestinal tract and limb growth

When to see a doctor

If you haven't had a menstrual period by age 15, see your healthcare provider.

Causes Vaginal agenesis

While the genetic cause continues to be unknown, analysis has found that ninety p.c kidren|Young kids} with Mayer-von Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser’s Syndrome (MRKH) even have channel agenesis. This congenital defect could vary from child to child. Some young women might not have a channel or womb whereas different girls may have a part of a uterus however no vagina.

We tend to perceive that this could be distressing for each patient and their family. Despite this genetic abnormality, the patient is still thought to be female. Of course, this is often confusing and loads to process, that is why an OBGYN can be an excellent doctor and specialist to show to for help, support, and care throughout this time.

whereas most patients with channel agenesia won't be ready to carry a child, if they are doing have a womb then they will become pregnant after they prefer to have a family. This can be one thing that your OBGYN can discuss once the patient becomes an adult.It's not clear what causes vaginal agenesis, however at some purpose during the primary twenty weeks of pregnancy, tubes known as the mullerian ducts don't develop properly.

Typically, the lower portion of those ducts develops into the uterus and vagina, and also the higher portion becomes the fallopian tubes. The underdevelopment of the mullerian ducts leads to AN absent or partly closed vagina, absent or partial uterus, or both.

Can a person live without a vagina?

The short answer to this question is no a person cannot live without a vagina To understand why it's important to know how the reproductive organs of women and men function During sexual intercourse sperm from the male are deposited in the vagina After conception and pregnancy an opening develops in the cervix called the birth canal This birth canal leads to and out of the womb where babies develop Therefore any female born with a vagina will have this opening for life or until she has a child through it.

Can a girl be born without a uterus?

A womb is a hollow pear-shaped organ located in the lower abdomen between a woman's bladder and bowel It is about the size of a small fist although it can expand during pregnancy to hold an unborn baby Ovaries release eggs from which babies are conceived when an egg is fertilized by sperm A woman has two ovaries; one on each side of her uterus The ovaries produce hormones that help regulate menstrual cycles and infertility treatment When a female is born without a uterus she cannot become pregnant or give birth to her own children due to this missing internal reproductive organ However if she has ovaries she can still have biological children through surrogacy or.

Can you still have a period without a uterus?

Most girls begin to menstruate between the ages of 10 and 15. If a girl has not begun menstruating by age 16 it is recommended that she see a doctor particularly if she also has no visible signs of puberty (e.g. breast development) A girl's first period is called menarche The average age for menarche in the U.S today is 12 years and 9 months according to the U.S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Where do eggs go if you have no uterus?

If you have no uterus the ovaries produce both eggs and hormones However these eggs will never be fertilized because there is no uterus for sperm to reach Thus a woman with no uterus has to rely on her partner's sperm from a condom or through artificial insemination to have children If a couple wants to have children without sperm from the male partner surrogate motherhood may be an option.

Can you have periods without ovaries?

The answer is yes Ovaries are not essential for a period but they are essential for fertility When a woman has had both her ovaries removed she will experience amenorrhea (absence of periods) and infertility In some cases a woman may still have periods after the removal of one ovary but will experience amenorrhea if the other ovary is also removed.

Complications Vaginal Agenesis

Vaginal agenesis may impact your sexual relationships, however once treatment, your duct can generally operate well for sexual activity.

Females with a missing or partly developed female internal reproductive organ can't get pregnant. If you have got healthy ovaries, however, it should be attainable to own a baby through in vitro fertilization. The embryo will be planted within the uterus of another person to hold the gestation (gestational carrier). Discuss fertility choices together with your healthcare provider.

Diagnosis Vaginal agenesis

To diagnose epithelial duct non development, a physical examination Associate in Nursing imaging tests are usually performed. These imaging tests typically embody an ultrasound, and in some cases, an MRI, to look at a patient's fruitful organs in bigger detail.Your pediatrician or specialist can diagnose vaginal agenesis supported by your case history and a physical exam.

epithelial duct agenesis is usually diagnosed throughout time of life once your discharge periods don't start, even once you've developed breasts and have underarm and os hair. Typically vaginal agenesis is often diagnosed at an earlier age during an analysis for different issues or when folks or a doctor notice a baby has no epithelial duct opening.

Your health care provider may recommend testing, including:

  • Blood tests. Blood tests to assess your chromosomes and live your secretion levels will make sure of your identification and rule out alternative conditions.

  • Ultrasound. Ultrasound pictures show your health care supplier whether or not you've got a womb and ovaries and determine if there are issues together with your kidneys.

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). An MRI gives your health care provider a detailed picture of your reproductive tract and kidneys.

  • Other testing. Your health care provider may also order other tests to examine your hearing, heart and skeleton.

Treatment Vaginal agenesis

Unlike most medical conditions during which you request treatment straight away once diagnosed, with a canal agenesia your doctor can usually not intervene immediately unless there's pain, or a selected medical reason to proceed. It's entirely up to your female offspring to determine when and if she is prepared for treatment. She wants time to grasp her condition and grieve the emotional disappointment of not having an entire generative system.

She might prefer to wait or do nothing. If she plans to possess sexual activity now or within the future, she may conceive to produce a vagina. Several girls with canal agenesia conceive to produce a channel throughout their young years.Treatment for vaginal agenesis typically happens within the late teens or early 20s, however you will wait till you're older and you're feeling driven and prepared to participate in treatment.

You and your health care supplier will discuss treatment choices. counting on your individual condition, options may involve no treatment or making a vagina by self-dilation or surgery.


Self-dilation is usually counseled because of the initial option. Self-dilation may permit you to make a duct while not having surgery. The goal is to elongate the vagina to a size snug for sexual intercourse.

During self-dilation, you press a small, spherical rod (dilator) — kind of like a firm tampon — against your skin at your duct gap or within your existing vagina for ten to half-hour one to three times a day. because the weeks go by, you turn to larger dilators. it's going to take a couple of months to induce the result you want.

Discuss the process of self-dilation together with your health care supplier so you recognize what to try to do and cite dilator choices to seek out what works best for you. exploitation self-dilation at intervals counseled by your healthcare provider or having frequent sexual issues is required over time to take care of the length of your vagina.

Some patients report issues with urinating and with duct trauma and pain, particularly within the beginning. Artificial lubrication and making an attempt at a distinct style of dilator is also helpful. Your skin stretches a lot simply once in a heat tub so that may be an honest time for dilation.

Duct dilation through frequent intercourse is an associated possibility for self-dilation for ladies who have willing partners. If you'd prefer to offer this methodology a try, refer to your health care supplier concerning the simplest thanks to proceed.


If self-dilation doesn't work, surgery to create a functional vagina (vaginoplasty) may be an option.

  1. Plastic Surgery

Types of vaginoplasty surgery include:

Using a tissue graft. Your sawbones might select from a range of grafts exploiting your own tissue to make an epithelial duct. potential sources embrace skin from the outer thigh, however stocks or lower abdomen.
Your surgeon makes an incision to create the channel opening, places the tissue graft over a mold to create the vagina and places it within the fresh shaped willal. The mold remains in situ concerning one week.

  • Generally, once surgery you retain the mold or a vaginal dilator in place but can take it away once you use the lavatory or have sexual intercourse. Once the initial time suggested by your surgeon, you'll use the dilator solely at night. sexual issues with artificial lubrication and occasional dilation helps you maintain a useful vagina.

  • Inserting a medical traction device. Your doctor places an olive-shaped device (Vecchietti procedure) or a balloon device (balloon vaginoplasty) at your duct opening. employing a thin, lighted viewing instrument (laparoscope) as a guide, the surgeon connects the device to a separate traction device on your lower abdomen or through your navel.
    You tighten the traction device each day, step by step propulsion the device inward to form a vaginal canal over a few weeks. Once the device is removed, you'll use a mildew of varied sizes for about 3 months. Once three months, you will use additional self-dilation or have regular sexual activity to maintain a useful vagina. sexual activity can probably need artificial lubrication.

Using a portion of your colon (bowel vaginoplasty). In an intestine vaginoplasty, the operating surgeon moves a little of your colon to a gap in your venereal area, making a replacement vagina. Your surgeon then reconnects your remaining colon. You won't have to be compelled to use a channel dilator each day after this surgery, and you're less likely to wish artificial lubrication for sexuality.

Once surgery, use of a mold, dilation or frequent sexual intercourse is required to take care of a purposeful vagina. Health care suppliers typically delay surgical treatments till you are feeling ready and ready to handle self-dilation. While not regular dilation, the freshly created vaginal willal can quickly slim and shorten, thus being showing emotion mature and prepared to benefit medical care is critically important.

  • talk over with your health care supplier regarding the most effective surgical choice to meet your needs, and therefore the risks and needed care once surgery.

Coping and support

Learning you have got duct non development will be difficult. That's why your health care supplier can suggest that a man of science or public servant be a part of your treatment team. These mental state suppliers will answer your queries and assist you cope with a number of the harder aspects of getting vaginal agenesis, adore attainable infertility.

you'll favor connecting with a support cluster of females who are hunting identical things. you'll be able to create a support group online, otherwise you can raise your health care provider if he or she is aware of the group.

Preparing for your appointment

You'll probably} begin by discussing your symptoms together with your medical aid provider, or your child' pediatrician. He or she's going to likely refer you to a doctor who focuses on women' health (gynecologist).

What you can do

To prepare for your appointment:

  • Make a list of any signs and symptoms you have, including those that may seem unrelated to the reason for your appointment.

  • Make a list of all medications that you take, including prescription and nonprescription drugs, vitamins, flavoring preparations and supplements, and note the doses.

  • Ask a family member or friend to come with you, if you're snug with that. typically it will be troublesome to recollect all the data provided throughout associate appointment. somebody who goes with you'll remember one thing that you simply incomprehensible or forgot.

  • Prepare questions to ask your healthcare provider, so you don't forget to cover anything that's important to you.

Some basic questions to ask include:

  • What's the likely cause of my condition?

  • Do I need any tests?

  • Is my condition temporary or long lasting?

  • What treatments are available and what do you recommend?

  • Are there any restrictions that I need to follow?

  • Should I see a specialist?

  • Are there brochures or other printed materials that I can have? What websites do you recommend?

What to expect from your doctor

Questions your health care provider may ask include:

  • What vaginal symptoms are you experiencing?

  • How long have you experienced these symptoms?

  • Have you had a menstrual period?

  • How much distress do your symptoms cause you?

  • Are you sexually active?

  • Does the condition limit your sexual activity?

General summary

  1. vaginal atresia is a rare birth defect in which the vagina either does not form correctly or has other anomalies The urethra which is the tube that drains urine from the bladder also does not form correctly Your doctor may decide to place a temporary catheter through the urethra and into the bladder to drain urine until surgery can be performed.

  2. There are three main forms of treatment for women with agenesis of the uterus: hormonal therapy surgical intervention and adoption The most common form of hormonal therapy is a sequential combination oral contraceptive pill or birth control pill This type of drug decreases the amount of estrogen in the body which helps to prevent bone loss and osteoporosis Hormonal therapy can be used as long-term treatment or temporary until an appropriate surgical solution is made available to patients.

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